Выбрана работа: The Managers Role
Задание I. Прочитайте текст и переведите его письменно.
The Managers Role
Management demands much knowledge of economics and business. General functions of any managerial system at any managerial level are planning, organizing, directing and controlling.
To manage means to forecast and plan, to organize, to command, to coordinate and to control. In all organizations there are people carrying out thе work of a manager. The activities of a manager depend on the level at which he/she is working. Top managers such as the chairman and directors are involved in long range planning, policy making and the relations of the company with the outside world. They are making strategic decisions on the future of the company.
Middle management and supervisors are making the day-to-day decisions which help to run an organization efficiently. According to an American writer, Mr. Peter Drucker, managers perform five basic operations. Firstly, managers set objectives and decide how to achieve them. For this task they need analytical ability. Secondly, managers organize the resources of the company, the work and the people.
Their third task is to motivate and communicate effectively with their superiors, colleagues and subordinates.
The fourth activity is measurement. Managers have to measure the performance of the organization and of its staff.
Finally, managers develop people, including themselves. They help to make people more productive and to grow as human beings.
Managing is a hard job. There is a lot to be done and relatively little time to do it.
Слова и словосочетания:
1. to demand - требовать
2. managerial - административный, управленческий
3. to forecast - прогнозировать, предусматривать
4. to carry out - осуществлять
5. activities - деятельность, действия
6. top manager -руководитель высокого ранга
7. supervisor - инспектор, контролер
8. to run - руководить, управлять
9. to perform - исполнять, выполнять
10. superior - начальник, старший
11. subordinate - подчиненный
12. to measure – oценивать, измерять
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